Recently, teachers often tell fathers and mothers that bad grades of children are their own fault. Even if the child copes with the school program, the family has to help with numerous reports and projects that the younger student can not perform without assistance. Parents are at a loss: do they really need to learn together with the child and will this not prevent the development of his independence and responsibility? In addition, many of the mothers and fathers believe that they should teach and develop children only while they are small, and in kindergarten and especially in school, these functions are shifted to an educational institution.
Why this approach is wrong and how family members should participate in the education and development of the child, we were told by experts.
— Statistics of recent years clearly shows the crisis of the institution of the family in European countries, a similar trend is observed in Russia, — explains the candidate of pedagogical Sciences Andrey Pankratov. — At the same time, it is the family that has the greatest influence on the development of the child's personality, the development of his talents and future success in life. Therefore, in the UK there is already a well-developed system of pedagogical support, which organizes the interaction of school and family in the framework of improving the quality of education. The system is aimed not only at improving the student's learning outcomes, but also at increasing family ties and trust between parents and children.
Translated from English, the national education program of the UK sounds like "family education", but it is not similar to what is meant by this term in Russia. In our country it is just a form of education, during which the child receives all the knowledge at home, and the school only accompanies him, gives tasks and controls the result. In England, by "family education" means that the child receives knowledge in an educational institution, but the whole family is involved in the learning process of the student. At the same time, in the course of such training, new knowledge and skills are acquired by all participants in the process, not only the student.
— Thanks to the participation and interest of parents in the course of family education, in addition to obtaining new subject knowledge and skills, the child begins to interact more closely with their loved ones, they seem to become one team, — explains Andrey Pankratov. — And parents, in turn, receive new knowledge in absolutely different areas, and also learn the correct education of their own children. Studies show that such education significantly increases the child's academic success, has a positive effect on his behavior and on family relationships. At the same time from parents no one requires endless help to the child with the current lessons — we are talking about additional development and education, education of a harmonious personality.
Co-education in most cases is carried out during trips to museums, libraries, various cultural and sports clubs. As a rule, the process of family education will include all family members, including grandparents. Each adult takes on a particular program — as a result, the child has the opportunity to simultaneously develop in different directions.
In recent years, elements of the family education system have been introduced in Russia. And the results of the participation of parents in the education of children since kindergarten is very significant.
— In our time, the attitude to education and training has changed greatly compared to the twentieth century, — said the teacher Ekaterina Makhotkina. — This is due not only to the development of new technologies, but also to the fact that modern children have become completely different. Requirements to knowledge and skills of schoolchildren and students are also growing rapidly. To meet them, the child needs to constantly develop their horizons in different areas and strive to learn new things. At the same time, the family in this matter began to play no less role than educational and educational organizations. In fact, from birth, adults teach children everything that they know how to do: hold a spoon, dress, make a bed... And then, at an older age, parents have the opportunity to learn something new with him. Numerous studies prove that children with whom parents are engaged a lot from early childhood grow more confident, they have better memory and abilities, in addition, they feel psychologically more protected.
— Many Hobbies of my children, which remained important for many years, appeared in kindergarten age, — says Natalia from Moscow region. — We were very lucky with the teacher: she worked a lot with children, tried to instill in them a love of creativity. The eldest son had an interest in various mechanisms and devices since childhood. Resulting in very fast instead of hand-made articles from clay and dad were making special kits and improvised various robots for kindergarten. Initially, these were the simplest devices, and then quite complex mechanisms. It's funny that this work has benefited not only his son, for whom the passion for robotics eventually grew into a professional interest, but also her husband. Before the husband in the house couldn't fix even basic things all the time, had to call the master. But now he does a lot himself, or with his son. At the same time — with pleasure, and not from under a stick that too very much pleases. And my daughter and I in kindergarten a lot of engaged in the manufacture of costumes for various festivals and performances. As a result, now she is thinking of becoming a fashion designer and I learned how to sew pretty well…
Psychologists believe that in preschool age the main thing — to find and reveal the child's talent. In the course of joint training to succeed in this much easier. Also, the more different areas will be able to master the child at an early age, the higher the chances already in primary school to understand what the kid has a real interest and real abilities. Many schools in our time are moving to the system of early profiling, so often by the 5th grade you need to decide in what area the child wants and is really able to develop.
All the mothers who complained to me that they have to sit with the child for hours over the lessons, admit that before school they did not really bother with the children. According to psychologist Anna Albertova, the great benefit of the so-called family education is undeniable, and not only for the intellectual development of the child, but also for the proper formation of his psyche.
— When a parent shows the child that learning is great and interesting, by example, the child has the right attitude to learning, — the psychologist is sure. — And if parents only blamed for "two", forcibly seated student for lessons — he has formed a negative attitude to studies. As a result, these children do not want to learn, by hook or by crook trying to write off, etc. At the same time they are often afraid of parents and even fall into depression, and all this can lead to very sad consequences.
Options for joint education and pastime of parents with children can come up with a lot. Here are just some of them that are suitable for almost any family.
Books. Regardless of the development of new technologies, the book is still one of the main tools for successful development and learning. It is proved that children who read a lot, in many ways ahead of their non-reading peers, they have a better memory, the ability to think and reason independently. To instill in a child a love of reading, first of all you need to show him an example. In families where parents spend time with a book in hand rather than in front of a computer screen or TV, children read much more. In addition, educational literature and encyclopedias can be read together, and artistic works can be discussed after reading or even play scenes from favorite works.
Online courses. Most of today's children are literally obsessed with gadgets, so online learning is often a good way to get them interested in something new. In addition, the guys who grew up in the age of high technology, much better absorb information from the Network. On the Internet now you can find a huge number of different courses and online clubs, including free ones — from chess to Zoology and botany. Even kids will be happy to engage in online razvivashkami with adults, and the time it takes quite a bit, enough and 20 minutes a day.
Foreign language. Gadgets have also brought into our lives a limitless opportunity to learn foreign languages. With the help of special programs and online manuals can be extended to pass with the child the language taught at school. And even more interesting for the whole family to start learning a new language. For those families who have the opportunity to regularly travel abroad, the ability to communicate in the local language will be a good additional incentive to learn Spanish, French or even swing at Chinese.
World around us. The study of nature and animals in itself is very interesting, and, perhaps, your child will want to connect his life with biology, because now this science is rapidly gaining popularity among schoolchildren and students. Consider different plants, learn their names and features, as well as get acquainted with the way of life of animals and insects child is able to have 2-3 years of age. To do this, you do not even need to specifically carve out time: the study of biology is quite possible to engage in a walk or while on vacation.
Travel across oceans and continents. Almost any child will be happy if parents go with him on an exciting journey around the globe. It is not necessary to buy a plane ticket — just buy a map of the world and the globe: the journey may well be virtual. Yes, and adults will be useful to refresh your memory school geography course: as practice shows, many can hardly remember even the number of oceans and continents on our planet.